History of Karameikos
This article covers the history of Traladara and Karameikos in the last two millennia, that is from the Beastman invasion to the present time of the Gazetteer.
The Beastman Invasion
BC 1000 Beastman invasion (BC 1000-992): the Gnolls escape Nithia and invade the Traldar lands, conquering the western half of modern Karameikos up to the Volaga and most of modern Darokin. [GAZ1, HW]
King Milen leads a migration towards Davania rather than fighting the Gnolls. [HW, HW3]
King Halav of Lavv, Queen Petra of Krakatos and the Hutaakan-trained wizard Zirchev guide a coalition of eastern Traldar city-states in the war against the Gnolls. [GAZ1]
Elsewhere, King Blystar III of Rockhome defeats the Goblinoids of the Broken Lands. [GAZ10]
Other Orcish tribes found the Kingdom of Othrong in the territory of the modern Five Shires. [GAZ8]
BC 992 Battle of Volaga River: Halav defeats the Beastman king Flahgr. He dies in the battle, but is raised by Queen Petra. [GAZ1, WotI]
The Dark Ages
After the rout of the Gnollish horde, the Traldar lands are left almost devoid of population, and revert quickly to wildernesses. A number of Antalian tribes, related to the Yevo of western Brun and the Vatski and Viaskoda of Norwold, take part in the battles for control of the Hin lands, but are defeated by Loktal Ironshield. These Vandars move into lightly populated lands between the rivers Achelos and Volaga and settle there, speeding the transformation of the Traldar people into the Traladarans.
The barony of Halag and the kingdom of Krakatos are the major human nations in the area, though Marilenev, Halavos and other city-states rise to power at the end of the Dark Ages. The Dark Ages end with the emergence of a unified Kingdom of Traladara under King Ithron.
BC 950 The last Gnolls are driven away from the Traldar lands, but the Traldar population has dropped to 20% of the pre-war level. [GAZ1]
BC 938 Fall of the Kingdom of Hindon at the hands of the Orcs. [GAZ8]
The Vandar tribes migrate from central Darokin to the Five Shires.
BC 933 The Vandars, northern raiders that had taken part in the Hindon wars, invade the western Traldar lands. Due to the massive damages wrought by the Gnolls in that area, they find no opposition. More Vandar tribes will enter the Traldar lands in the following twenty years.
BC 930 Petra becomes Immortal under the patronage of Khoronus.
BC 910 Halav becomes Immortal under the patronage of Odin. [WotI]
BC 900 First appearance of the Witches of Dymrak, a group of nine Crones of Chaos.
BC 800 The Traldar population rises, and the Traldar mix with the now sedentary Vandars. Elsewhere, Mealiden Starwatcher leads the Sylvan Elves to the steppes between Nithia and the Streel river, founding the Kingdom of Alfheim and beginning the creation of Canolbarth. [GAZ5]
Halag is founded around this time by a Vandar tribe.
BC 612 Nob Nar, a Hin adventurer, kills the Vandar baron Ulstagh of Halag. [GAZ8]
BC 600 The Dom people return to Traladara after a long exile, but no longer fit with the Traladaran culture.
BC 500 The fusion of Vandars and Traldars has brought to a new people, the Traladarans. [GAZ1, HW]
BC 492 Goblinoid hordes defeated by the Dwarven armies in the Battle of Sardal Pass. Death of Queen Ubdala. [GAZ6]
BC 491 Goblinoid hordes fleeing the Sardal Pass take refuge in the Cruth Mountains. [GAZ10]
BC 490 Lavv and Krakatos are destroyed by the hordes of the Hobgoblin king Leptar.
The goblinoids themselves are decimated by the plague spread by Leptar to weaken the Traladaran cities.
BC 488 Traladaran clans chase back the hordes of Leptar and found the town of Halavos near the ruins of Lavv.
BC 480 The Goblinoid hordes are pushed back into the mountains and in the Dymrak woods.
BC 470 The Kerendas tribe conquers the southern Doulakki city-states.
BC 415 Hobgoblin king Leptar becomes Immortal under the patronage of Orcus.
BC 308 Trinkla, a young magician, steals the Black Opal Eye from the Isle of Lost Dream while the Seer of Traldar is absent. She flees to western Traladara and becomes known as the Black Seer.
BC 276 The Black Seer dies, and the Black Opal Eye is entombed with her.
BC 195-147 Traladaran prince (Ban) Ithron unifies the Traladaran clans and takes the title of King of Traladara. [K:KoA]
BC 162-158 The Doulakki City-State of Salonikos is attacked by King Alevar of Alfheim. The siege of Salonikos is broken by the intervention of a dwarven volunteer corps.
BC 100 Gnomes from the Hardanger Range, led by the Hilltopper clan, found the city of Highforge. [GAZ1, K:KoA]
BC 7 The Thyatian wizard Elyas receives the Fire Opal Eye and becomes the next Seer of Traldar.
BC 4 Elyas recovers the Black Opal Eye from the tomb of Trinkla the Black Seer.
The Rebirth of Traladara
By the end of the millennium, the short-lived unification of Traladara, the arrival of friendly demi-human clans, the defeat of the Orcs in the west and the formation of the Thyatian Empire in the east help Traladara emerge from the Dark Ages. New trade centres rise to greatness along the major rivers. Traladara is soon divided into a number of small principalities called Banates.
AC 1 Traladara's population raises, especially in the coastal and riverside areas. Marilenev is the major trade centre. Halavos, Lugsid, Zadreth and other towns and villages are found along the rivers Volaga and Shutturga.
The elven Callarii clan from Alfheim settles in the Radlebb woods. [GAZ1]
AC 3 Elyas, the Seer of Traldar, dies in a struggle with the Witches of Dymrak. The Black Opal Eye is lost.
AC 300 A dwarven clan, the Stronghollow, settles in Highforge. [B7]
AC 301-356 Bogdan Ivanovich, Ban of Marilenev, claims the title of King of Traladara.
He manages to bring under his heel several clans, but the kingdom dissolves at Ivanovich's death. [K:KoA]
AC 400 Thyatian missionary clerics translated the Song of Halav and set it in writing. [GAZ1]
This leads to the formation of an organised Church of Traladara. The Church assumes slightly different forms in the three main regions (Halag, Marilenev and the north-east). The church is known as the Church of Traladara only in Marilenev. Elsewhere, it is known as the Church of Halav.
AC 410 Minrothaddan merchants bring lycanthropy and vampirism to Traladara. [PC4, GAZ1, GAZ9]
At the same time, the descendants of the Taymoran Nosferatu resurface.
The Traladaran Wars
As the Banates assume a more stable form, Traladara falls under the greedy eyes of the Kings of Darokin, leading to a century of conflicts known as the four Traladaran Wars. While this is a time of strife, it also leads to the modernisation of the Traladaran Banates, thanks to the increasing contacts with both Darokin and Thyatis. The Traladaran League emerges as an attempt to form a unified Traladaran nation.
AC 412 Corwyn VIII of Darokin reduces the northern Traladaran clans, including those of Lugsid and Vaion, to vassal status. He is killed by assassins sent by the coastal clans with ties with the city-states of New Alphatia and Harbortown. His heir, Corwyn IX, declares war on the lords of Marilenev, Vidrin and Halavos.
The lords of Salonikos, Dmitrov, Lumm, Gorenenov and Volaga ally with Marilenev, Vidrin and Halavos to counter the Darokinian hegemony.
AC 415 The King of Darokin, Corwyn IX, dies in battle against the Traladaran League. His son, Corwyn X, continues the war effort. Harbortown and New Alphatia enter the war on the League's side.
AC 417 The First Traladaran War ends with the Peace of Marilenev. Darokin relinquishes all claims on Northern Traladara.
Traladaran nobles claim titles styled on the Thyatian and Darokinian model, replacing the old Ban and Zhupa titles. Marilenev, Salonikos and Halavos claim ducal rank, while the other nobles of the Traladaran League take the title of Count or Baron. The old Traladaran titles remain in use in western Traladara.
The Monastery on the Hill is founded by the Count of Vaion and dedicated to Halav.
AC 436 The Alasiyan warlord Sabir ibn Ibrahim conquers Salonikos, renaming the city Al-Zalenikah. He founds a state, the Imarat al Zalenikah, that will survive for two generations, and will be a centre of learning, specially in astronomy and geometry.
AC 443-445 The Silver Purge is unleashed against lycanthropes along the coasts of the Sea of Dread. New Alphatia is almost destroyed in a battle between lycanthropes, humans and elves. Many lycanthropes survive deep in the woods of Traladara.
AC 444-450 Religious conflicts within the Church of Traladara and political manipulation by the Harbortown envoys leads to the Second Traladaran War, which pits Halag against Marilenev and Halavos against Vaion. The Hojah, ruling clan of Halag, and several of their allies are forced to flee to the eastern coast of the Gulf of Hule. Seven city-states (Kladanovic, Slagovich, Hojah, Zvornik, Nova Svoga, Zagora and Boyarski) are founded there. [RS]
Vaion is home to another heresy, which is uprooted within twenty years by priests from Halavos and Selenica, but survives in the isolated Monastery on the Hill.
AC 468 Duke Demara of Halavos unifies several of the northern clans.
AC 474 Demara is acknowledged as King of Traladara by the Barons of Volaga and Lugsid and the Count of Vaion. The coastal clans, Marilenev, Dmitrov, Vidrin, and Sulescu, oppose this move, but they obtain only limited support from Harbortown. In the following years, Demara manages to obtain the submission of the ruling clans of Gorenenov, Lumm and Koriszegy. [K:KoA]
AC 488 King Demara marries the daughter of King Mithras V of Darokin and launches the Third Traladaran War. A combined force of Demara's and Mithras' troops conquer Al-Zalenikah, which is renamed Selenica and added as a duchy to the Kingdom of Darokin. Elsewhere, Hadric Corser found the city of Minrothad over the ruins of New Alphatia. [GAZ9]
AC 490 Death of King Demara. Mithras V of Darokin claims the regency of Traladara for his infant grandson Mithras Demaravich. The lords of Lumm, Volaga and Koriszegy rebel against the Darokinian king and form a new Traladaran League with the coastal clans. Mithras V sends as army to quell the rebellion.
AC 493 Mithras' army is defeated by the forces of the Traladaran lords in the Fourth Traladaran War. The Traladaran League is confirmed as a permanent institution, led by the Diet of Marilenev, an assembly of the Traladaran nobles. The lord of Koriszegy takes the title of Count, marking its independence from the Banate of Halag.
The End of the Darokinian Hegemony
The Elfwar and the passage of the Darokinian crown to the Ansimont line mark the end of the hegemonic ambitions of Darokin on Traladara. However, the growing instability of the northern neighbour leads the Traladaran principalities to turn on each other, dissolving the Traladaran League.
AC 500 Lycanthropy and vampirism return in the more isolated regions of Traladara. [PC4]
Elsewhere, the Red Orc chief, Sitting Drool, becomes supreme chief of the Broken Lands hordes, leading to a twenty years-long war with the Kingdom of Darokin, the Kingdom of Alhambra and the Kingdom of Braejr. [GAZ10]
The Empire of Thyatis, meanwhile, is locked in a pitched war against Alphatia in the Alasiyan colonies. [GAZ2]
AC 501 Mithras V of Darokin blames ``elven treachery'' for his defeat in Traladara, bringing on the Elfwar right when Corunglain is threatened by Sitting Drool's hordes.
AC 503 Mithras V and his grandson Mithras Demaravich are killed by the elves of Alfheim. The Darokinian nobles name Corwyn Ansimont as the new King.
AC 504 Corwyn XIII puts an end to the Elfwar.
AC 511 The Diet of Marilenev elects the wizard Perrantin as Warlord of the Traladaran League, giving him power to lead an army to help the Flaems of the Highlands in case of a dragon invasion, which never comes. The northern warrior Solveig White-Gold and Perrantin uncover the Shield of Halav, and present it to the Church of Traladara, helping its consolidation. They found the Temple of the Shield and the village of Zadreth [HtH]
AC 523 Sitting Drool conquers and sacks Corunglain.
AC 525 Corunglain is freed from the orcish hordes, but becomes an independent city-state.
AC 527 Sitting Drool is killed by adventurers.
AC 534 Charles III, an incompetent ruler, is the new King of Darokin. Due to a mix of incompetence and adverse circumstances causes the next three kings to be reduced to mere figureheads, as the nobles become more and more independent and the merchant houses become the real power in Darokin city.
Selenica and Athenos claim their own independence as the Principality of Selenica and the Duchy of Athenos.
AC 570 The Hins of the Five Shires found colonies in the Ierendi archipelago. [GAZ4]
AC 585 Thyatis occupies the archipelago of Ierendi to use the islands as penal colonies for the Hattian rebels. [GAZ4]
AC 596 The Traladaran nosferatu Aden marries Emilia Ansimont, sister and heir to the King of Darokin, and sets in motion a plan to restore royal power in Darokin. In the following years, he manages to regain the power lost by the inept Ansimont kings, and takes the throne with the name of Aden III.
AC 600 The Traladaran League is finally dissolved due to dissension between the clans and the disappearance of the Darokin threat. In Vaion, the local lord, a descendant of Demara's sister, claims the title of King of Vaion, which is mostly ignored by the other nobles. The Ban of Halag assumes the title of Duke, following most other Traladaran nobles.
In Ierendi, former Hattian rebel, pirate, and convict Mad Creeg leads a successful rebellion against the Empire of Thyatis. [GAZ4]
AC 612 The failure of the Traladaran League leaves the Duchy of Marilenev deprived of much of its political power. The trade guilds, led by the Radu family, oust Duke Alexandr Marilenev and replace the ducal government with an oligarchic republic.
AC 657 The undead nature of Aden III is revealed by spies from the House of Corun, and the nosferatu king is forced to flee. Without Aden's energetic rule, the Kingdom of Darokin dissolves.
AC 658 The lords of House Corun claim the title of Duke of Corunglain. In the following years, the northern and western regions of Darokin follow suit, claiming independence.
The Vampire Wars
Increasing Entropic cult activities build over the rivalries among the clans and the rise of religious fanaticism. Several clans are accused of harbouring Entropic cultists or vampires, and another century of war sweeps away much of the progresses brought on by the Traladaran League.
AC 675 The vampire-king psychosis and the political chaos of Darokin reach Traladara as well. A number of "holy wars", more or less justified, are fought between the Traladaran nobles during the course of the following fifty years, instigated by Orcus in the form of a devil swine.
AC 681 The town council of Marilenev finances the construction of the city walls.
AC 691 Foundation of the Minrothad Guilds. [GAZ9]
AC 700 Zemiros Sulescu becomes a Nosferatu. [GAZ1]
By this time, the Monastery on the Hill is home to an obscure Entropic order devoted to Orcus, Leptar and other Fiends.
AC 720 Count Morphail Gorevitch-Woszlany, lord of Lumm and Gorenenov, becomes the nosferatu known as the Black Count of the Moor. The clashes between Traladaran lords become more violent, and Gorenenov, Lumm, Vaion, Volaga and Halavos are destroyed in the following decade.
AC 723 The Kingdom of Darokin is formally dissolved with the death of the last king, Santhral. A dozen of duchies, baronies, and city-states war over the former territory of Darokin.
AC 725 Queen Elendorath of Vaion is defeated and killed by the Prince of Selenica. Her goblinoid armies disperse in the mountains. The Monastery on the Hill is razed, but a few priests survive.
AC 728 Morphail, defeated by an alliance including Marilenev, Vidrin and Selenica, flees to Glantri with his people. [GAZ3]
AC 750 Favourable policies by the town council of Marilenev and the threat of war cause a large part of the rural population of Marilenev to settle within the walls of the city-state.
The Modern Age
The IX century is comparatively quiet. Only the City-State of Marilenev, the Duchy of Halag, and the Principality of Selenica survive mostly unscathed. However, the noble houses of Selenica are severely reduced in power, and the merchant houses take control of the city. North-eastern Traladara suffered the largest damage, and no major towns survive.
AC 802 Year of Infamy in the Highlands. [GAZ3]
Some Dwarven survivors settle in Marilenev.
AC 810 Blynos Kivinivich, a Traladaran priest, writes "My journey: story of a country preacher", a collection of parables. [HtH]
AC 813 The mythical Sword of Halav is last seen in the hands of the Duke of Halag, Uidar the Quick. [DMSK]
AC 829 Foundation of the Republic of the Highlands. [GAZ3]
AC 830 Blynos Kivinivich, now an elderly priest, writes two more autobiographical tomes in the course of the next five years. [HtH]
AC 831 Foundation of the Emirates of Ylaruam. [GAZ2]
AC 858 Light of Rad: the Republic of Glantri becomes the Principalities of Glantri. [GAZ3]
The Thyatian Conquest and the Birth of Karameikos
The dissolution of Darokin leads the Emperors of Thyatis to plan the conquest of Traladara and eastern Darokin. However, the wars with Alphatia absorbed most resources, and the imperial plan never went beyond the occupation of Marilenev and the other major settlements of Traladara.
AC 900 The Emperor of Thyatis, Gabrionius IV, sends his legions in Traladara, and installs a governor in Marilenev, which is renamed Specularum. Garrisons are sent to the borderlands, with the goal of setting up spearheads for a campaign against the Darokinian successor states. [DotE, GAZ1, K:KoA]
Traladara is incorporated in the Empire as an Imperial Province.
Thyatian troops invade Lugsid and raze it. A plague in Zadreth force the population to abandon the village and the nearby Temple of the Shield. The survivors settle on the lakeside villages and in Fogor. [HtH]
As a reaction, Selenica establishes closer ties with Darokin.
AC 927 Foundation of the Republic of Darokin. [GAZ11]
AC 960 The Spike Assault brings to the death of Gabrionius V and the rise of Thincol Torion. [DotE]
AC 970 Stefan Karameikos III trades the Duchy of Machetos to Emperor Thincol for the Grand Duchy of Traladara and independence. [DotE, GAZ1]
AC 971 The Radu, Torenescu and Marilenev clans rise against the new government, but fail. The clan Marilenev is almost destroyed. [GAZ1]
AC 972-978 Several lesser Thyatian nobles arrive in Karameikos, offering their fealty to the Duke, and receiving fiefs and titles. [GAZ1]
Threshold, Kelvin and Vorloi are founded on the ruins of Lugsid, Halavos and Vidrin, while Ludwig von Hendricks takes control of Halag, renaming it Fort Doom, and builds the Duumtor on the hill that overlooks the city. [B1-9, GAZ1]
AC 979 Duke Stefan marries Olivia Prothemian. [GAZ1]
AC 980 Birth of Adriana Karameikos. [GAZ1]
AC 982 Birth of Justin Karameikos. [GAZ1]
AC 986 Birth of Valen Karameikos. [GAZ1]
AC 989 Many Traladarans from Halag flee to the Five Shires. Baron Ludwig von Hendriks sends his troops in the Shires, but the Black Eagle is rebuffed by Hin militia. [GAZ8]
AC 990-991 Ludwig von Hendriks sends two military expeditions against the Hin, but fails in both attempts. [GAZ8]
AC 991 The wizard Krollan, a counsellor of Duke Stefan, is murdered. [DMSK]
AC 992 Duke Stefan orders Baron Von Hendricks to put an end to his war with the Five Shires. [GAZ8]
AC 993 Elwyn the Ardent founds a temple devoted to the Dark Triad in the hills north-east of Kelvin.
AC 996 Baron Desmond Kelvin I dies in a duel with the Ylari ambassador, Mustapha ibn Ibrahim. His son, Desmond II, is confirmed Baron of Kelvin.[GAZ1, GAZ2]